Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Ducks, Geese and Swans :: Common Merganser

Common Merganser Mergus merganser

Described by: Linnaeus (1758)
Alternate common name(s): Goosander
Old scientific name(s): None known by website authors


Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, Washington, USA - Apr 8, 2007 © William Hull  Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, Washington, USA - Apr 8, 2007 © William Hull  Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, Washington, USA - Apr 8, 2007 © William Hull  Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, Washington, USA - Apr 8, 2007 © William Hull  Switzerland - Jan, 1995 © Giuliano Gerra and Silvio Sommazzi 
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(1) Iceland, British Isles, Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Finland) e. from the Baltic Sea across n. and c. Russia and Siberia s. of Arctic Circle to Anadyrland and Kamchatka s. to c. Europe in Germany, Switzerland, Austria, the former Yugoslavia, and locally in Greece and Romania, then in c. Russia, Turkestan, Uzbekistan, ne. Afghanistan, s. Siberia, ne. China (Manchuria, Heilungkiang, n. Sinkiang), Sakhalin Is. and n. Japan (Hokkaido).
Winters s. to the n. shore of the Mediterranean, s. Russia (Black Sea), Iran (Caspian Sea) and n. India, c. and e. China (Shantung and se. Kansu s. of the Yellow River), s. Korea and Japan s. to n. Kyushu and c. Honshu. Small numbers remain on ice-free waters in c. Asia.
(2) Ne. Afghanistan, Himalayas of n. India (Kashmir, Ladakh), Nepal (Tila Karnali, Sunkosi, Trisuli and the Narayani River w. of Tiger Tops) and Sikkim to se. Tibet, w. China (Qinghai-Xizang Plateau lakes in se. Kansu and Szechwan) and n. Mongolia (the Altai).
Winters s. on lowland rivers of India, n. Burma and s. China (s. Yunnan, Kwangsi and s. Kweichow). Possibly occasionally reaching Taiwan.
(3) C. and sc. Alaska (lower Kuskokwim River and Kodiak Is.), s. Yukon, s. Mackenzie and n. Saskatchewan across c. Canada to c. Labrador, Newfoundland and wc. Nova Scotia s. in the mountains to c. California, c. Nevada, c. Arizona, sw. and n. New Mexico then in the n. United States e. of the Rockies from ne. Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan e. to New England (Maine and Connecticut) and occasionally s. to New Jersey.
Winters s. to s. United States (Great Lakes, Ohio River, California and Florida) and n. Mexico (n. Baja, Chihuahua, Coahuila and ex. n. Nuevo Leon).
North America n. of Mexican border;
Summer: C. ALK, c. YUK (Sheldon Lake), s. MAC (Great Slave Lake), se. KEE, n. MAN (Riding Mountains), n. ONT s. to s. Lake Huron, c. QUE (Lake St. Johns), c. LAB (Grand Falls) s. in BCO, ALB (Lake Athabasca), SAS (Churchill River), NFD, NBR, PEI, NSC and in the mountains of the w. United States including WAS, ORG to c. CAL, w. NEV, c. IDH, e. MON, WYO, e. UTH, w. COL, ne. ARZ, nw. NMX, NDK, SDK, nw. and ne. NEB, w. and n. MIN, WIS, MIC, n. NYK, n, VMT, n. NHP, n. MAE;
Winter: Pacific coast of se. ALK, w. and s. BCO, WAS, ORG, CAL, IDH, NEV, UTH, ARZ, s. ALB, s. SAS, MON, WYO, COL, NMX, s. SDK, NEB, KAN, OKA, w. and nw. TEX, c. MIN, w. WIS, IWA, ILL, MOU, c. ARK, IND, OHO, KTY, TEN, n. MIS, n. ALA, PEN, c. NYK, n. VMT, NHP, se. MAE, MAS, RID, CON, NJY, DEL, MYD, VIR, WVA, nw. NCA, ex. nw. SCA and ex. n. GEO.


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Location unknown - Date unknown Source: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics


Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.


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