Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Ducks, Geese and Swans :: Ruddy Duck
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Described by: Gmelin, J. F. (1789)
Alternate common name(s): None known by website authors
Old scientific name(s): Erismatura jamaicensis
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RangeW. North America, Central America and the West Indies;
Ec. Alaska, c. and ne. British Columbia, sw. Mackenzie, n. Alberta, n. Saskatchewan, and c. Manitoba e. across s. Canada to Nova Scotia and s. to the w. United States in s. California, c. Arizona, s. New Mexico, w. and s. Texas, sw. Louisiana, n. Florida s. to c. Mexico (Baja, Pacific slope, interior to c. volcanic belt and s. Morelos), Guatemala and El Salvador. West Indies s. to Grenada.
Winters near coasts and s. to Honduras (Toloa and Copen).
Introduced to w. Europe where it has bred in Iceland, Britain (mostly in lowlands of w. England, w. Midlands, but also Somerset, Gloucestershire, Hereford, Worcester, Warwick, Shropshire, Cheshire, Derby, Leicester), Ireland (Lough Neagh), France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain and Morocco.
North America n. of Mexican border:
Summer: Ec. ALK. sc. MAC (s. Great Slave Lake) s. to sw. BCO, ALB, ce. SAS, se. MAN (w. Lake Winnipeg) s. in c. WAS, sw. ORG, ne., ec. and w. CAL, sw., s. and e. IDH, w. and se. NEV, UTH, sw. to se. ARZ to ce. NMX, COL, WYO, MON, NDK, SDK, w. MIN, nw. IWA, nw. KAN, sw. to ne. NEB. Very locally further e. in TEX, LOU, FLA, s. ONT (Lake St. Clair, Luther Marsh), s. QUE (Lake St. Peter), ne. IWA, se. WIS, ne. ILL, nw. IND, ne. OHO, nw. PEN, w. NYK (e. Long Island), n. NJY, e. MAS (Cape Cod), se. NHP, ec. MAE;
Winter: ex. sw. BCO (s. Vancouver Is.), w. WAS, w. to se. ORG, n. to sw. CAL, sw. IDH, nw. UTH (Great Salt Lake) to c. NEV in s. Colorado River Basin, ex. sw. UTH, w. to ec. ARZ, c. NMX, s. COL, TEX, OKA, s. MOU, ARK, LOU, ex. sw. KTY, w. TEN, MIS, nw. to ec. ALA, c. GEO, FLA, e. SCA, e. NCA, e. VIR, e. MYD, DEL, s. NJY, ex. se. NYK (Long Island), RID, e. MAS (Cape Cod), se. NHP
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Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.
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