Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Falcons and Caracaras :: Merlin
Merlin Falco columbarius
Described by: Linnaeus (1758)
Alternate common name(s): Pigeon Hawk
Old scientific name(s): Aesalon columbarius
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(1) Iceland, Faroes, Britain and Belgium.
(2) N. Europe in n. Scandinavia to n. Russia s. to c. Ural Mountains and Asia to w. Siberia.
Migrates to Mediterranean, Israel, n. Africa, Arabian Gulf, Iraq and Iran.
(3) Siberia e. of Yenisey River to Kolyma River and Tuva.
(4) Anadyrland and Sakhalin Is.
Winters to China, India, Indochina, Korea and Japan.
(5) Steppes of Asia in n. Kazakhstan from the Aral Sea and w. China (Tien Shan) to Mongolia (e. Altai Mountains).
(6) Mountains of c. Asia in Turkestan, e. Russia, s. Siberia, Transbaicalia, nw. China and Mongolia.
(7) Pacific Coast of North America from nw. Alaska s. through Canada in n. Yukon, nw. and c. Mackenzie, se. Keewatin, n. Manitoba, n. Ontario, n. Quebec, Labrador and Newfoundland s. to s. Alaska, sw. British Columbia to nw. United States in c. Washington, e. Oregon, n. California, Idaho e. to n. Michigan, n. Ohio and s. Ontario and Nova Scotia.
(8) Most of North America from Alaska through Canada to Newfoundland.
Migrates to the West Indies (Bahamas, Abaco) and n. South America (Venezuela, Ecuador, n. Peru, Guiana and s. to Manaus in nc. Brazil. A bird has been captured on a ship a short distance off the coast of Bahia (1963).
(9) Great Plains of nc. North America from c. Alberta s. to Wyoming.
North America n. of Mexican border
Summer: ALK, YUK, c. MAC, se. KEE, s. MAN, n. QUE, n. LAB s. to BCO (Vancouver Is.), ALB, se. SAS, sw. MAN, c. WAS, n. and e. IDH, MON, WYO, sw. NDK, nc. MIN to se. ONT, ex. n. NYK, ex. n. MAE, NBR, c. NSC, PEI, NFD;
Winter: most frequently along coasts from s. ALK, coastal to s. BCO, s. ALB, s. SAS, s. MAN, WAS, ORG, CAL, s. IDH, NEV, UTH, ARZ, MON, WYO, COL, NMX, NDK, SDK to e. MIN, e. IWA, NEB, KAN, TEX, OKA, nw. MOU, s. ARK, LOU s. to n. MIS, n. ALA, n. GEO, FLA, nw. SCA, e. NCA, se. VIR, se. MYD;
Spring Grove Cemetary, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA - Feb 2, 2002 Source: William Hull
Description: Bird is perched in a tree.
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics
Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.
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