Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Turkeys :: Wild Turkey
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo
Described by: Linnaeus (1758)
Alternate common name(s): Common Turkey, Plain Turkey, Eastern Turkey, Eastern Wild Turkey, Florida Turkey, Rio Grande Turkey, Merriam's Turkey, Merriam's Wild Turkey, Gould's Turkey
Old scientific name(s): None known by website authors
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RangeTemperate North America;
Highly fragmented distribution and resident throughout its range;
(1) Se. Canada (s. Ontario and probably s. Quebec) and e. United States w. to se. Montana and c. North Dakota, e. South Dakota, e. Nebraska, e. Kansas, e. Oklahoma and e. Texas and e. to n. Iowa, s. and e. Wisconsin, c. Michigan, e. Kentucky, c. Pennsylvania, n. New York and c. New England s. to n. Florida and Gulf coast.
(2) Peninsular Florida.
(3) C. United States from ne. Colorado, w. Kansas, w. Oklahoma and c. Texas s. to c. Mexico (Guerrero, Veracruz).
Introduced in Hawaii (Island of Hawaii, Niihau, Lanai, and Maui), California, Oregon, and Washington.
(4) Ex. sw. Canada (sw. British Columbia) through w. United States w. from e. Montana, South Dakota, se. Colorado, ex. w. Oklahoma, New Mexico and ex. w. Texas to nw. Mexico.
Introduced in Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
(5) Sw. United States (se. Arizona and sw. New Mexico) to Sierra Madre of nw. Mexico.
(6) Wc. to s. Mexico n. to Jalisco and Veracruz and s. to Guerrero. Formerly occurred s. to Oaxaca.
Reintroduced into many parts of the United States including areas where it did not formerly occur such as California.
Introduced to Australia on King Is. and Flinders Is. in the Bass Straits, New Zealand (North Island), the British Isles and Europe (successfully established in Germany (Taunus Forest n. of Frankfurt), but apparently unsuccessfully in Austria).
North America n. of Mexican border;
Summer and winter: se. BCO, sw. and se. ALB, e. WAS, cw. and ne. ORG, c. CAL (San Luis Obispo), n. and c. IDH, se. NEV, n. and e. ARZ, nw. and c. NMX, se. and c. UTH, COL, c. and e. WYO, nw. to se. MON, NDK, sw. and se. SAS, s. MAN, SDK, NEB, KAN, OKA, sw., c. and e. TEX, c. LOU, ARK, MOU, IWA, w. and s. MIN, c. WIS, ILL, IND, KTY (Mammoth Cave National Park), TEN, MIS, ALA, GEO, FLA, SCA, NCA, VIR, WVA, OHO, MIC, se. ONT, PEN, MYD, DEL, w. NJY, NYK, c. VMT, NHP, MAS, CON, RID, and e. MAE.
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No sounds are available for this species
Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.
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