Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: New World Quail :: Northern Bobwhite

Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus

Described by: Linnaeus (1758)
Alternate common name(s): Common Bobwhite, Bobwhite Quail, Bobwhite, Rufous-bellied Bobwhite, Masked Bobwhite, Black-headed Bobwhite
Old scientific name(s): None known by website authors


Indian Creek Wildlife Area, Brown County, Ohio, USA - Jun 21, 2004 © William Hull  Indian Creek Wildlife Area, Brown County, Ohio, USA - Jun 21, 2004 © William Hull  Indian Creek Wildlife Area, Brown County, Ohio, USA - Jun 21, 2004 © William Hull 
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Ex. s. Canada, e. United States, ne. and s. Mexico. Sw. United States and nw. Mexico.
Two populations;
(1) Ne. United States (se. Maine to c. Virginia).
(2) C. and e. United States (Virginia to Alabama and n. Florida).
(3) Se. United States (peninsular Florida) and the Bahamas (Abaco).
(4) S. Florida (Key West).
(5) West Indies (Cuba and the Isle of Pines).
(6) E. United States w. of (1) and e. of (7).
(7) C. United States (South Dakota and se. Wyoming s. to w. Missouri, nw. Arkansas, and n. Texas).
Introduced to sw. Canada (British Columbia), and nw. United States (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho).
(8) Sw. Texas and ne. Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas).
(9) Sw. United States (reintroduced in se. Arizona, Altar Valley) and nw. Mexico (nc. Sonora).
(10) Ne. Mexico (c. Tamaulipas to n. Veracruz and se. San Luis Potosi).
(11) Ne. Mexico (w. and wc. Tamaulipas to se. San Luis Potosi).
(12) Wc. Mexico (se. Nayarit and s. Jalisco s. to Morelos, s. Hidalgo and sc. San Luis Potosi).
(13) Sc. Mexico (Puebla, Morelos and Mexico).
(14) E. Mexico (Gulf slope of c. Veracruz).
(15) E. Mexico (e. Veracruz lowlands).
(16) S. Mexico (ne. Chiapas and adjacent Tabasco).
(17) S. Mexico (ex. w. Oaxaca).
(18) S. Mexico (ne. Oaxaca).
(19) S. Mexico (sw. Oaxaca).
(20) S. Mexico (coastal w. Oaxaca and n. Chiapas).
(21) S. Mexico (s. Chiapas).
(22) S. Mexico (coastal s. Chiapas).
(23) S. Mexico (s. Chiapas w of (20)) and nw. Guatemala (Huehuetenango, Rio Chiapas Valley).
Introduced to Canada (British Columbia), widely in w. United States, the West Indies (Puerto Rico), France(?), and New Zealand.
Unsuccessful attempts have been made to introduce this species to the Hawaiian Is. and Europe.
North America n. of Mexican border;
Summer and Winter: from se. WYO across c. NEB, n. IWA, s. WIS, c. MIC to ne. OHO (Indian Creek Wildlife Area, Brown County), w. WVA, sw. and se. PEN, NJY, se. NYK, CNT, RID, and se. MAS s. in e. COL, e. NMX, wc. TEX to just e. of Big Bend, OKA, KAN, MOU, ARK, LOU, ILL, IND, KTY, TEN, MIS, ALA, GEO, FLA, SCA, NCA, VIR, MYD, and DEL. Isolated populations in nw. WAS, ce. ORG, cw. IDH, and se. ARZ. May occur in se. ONT.


No videos are available for this species


Location unknown - Date unknown Source: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: Florida Museum of Natural History


Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.


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