Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Terns :: Gull-billed Tern

Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

Described by: Gmelin (1789)
Alternate common name(s): None known by website authors
Old scientific name(s): Gelochelidon angelica, Gelochelidon nilotica


Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina, USA - Jul 9, 2003 © William Hull  Bribie Island, Queensland, Australia - Oct 29, 2002 © Tom Tarrant  Bouchemaine, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de La Loire, France - Jul 10, 2002 © Alain Fossť  United Arab Emirates - Jan, 1997 © Giuliano Gerra and Silvio Sommazzi  near Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia - Aug, 2004 © Neil Fifer 
Select thumbnail to view larger image - Place cursor over image for image information
Select additional thumbnail page to view 1 more images.


Worldwide distribution;
(1) Europe from Denmark to c. Russia, s. Mongolia and e. China s. to nw. Africa in Senegambia, Mauritania and Tunisia, s. Spain, Sardinia, Italy, Greece, Turkey, the Crimea, Iran, the Persian Gulf, across s. Russia in n. Caucasus, in the Volga-Ural steppes, Kirghiz steppes, Turkestan, se. Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India e. to West Bengal and Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Winters from nw. and e. Africa to India.
(2) S. China, Indonesia and the Philippines.
(3) New Guinea, Australia (Western Australia (Carnarvon), Northern Territory, Queensland (Cairns Esplanade), New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia) and Tasmania.
(4) E. United States from New York s. to Florida and w. along the Gulf coast to Texas and the West Indies (Bahamas on Great Inagua and Harbour Is., Cuba, Puerto Rico and Virgin Is.).
(5) W. United States from s. California (Salton Sea) s. through w. Mexico along the coasts of Sonora and Sinaloa and probably islands in the Gulf of California s. to Ecuador.
(6) Coast and river valleys of Guiana (Cayenne), e. and se. Brazil (Bahia, Mexiana Is. in the mouth of the Amazon) to Uruguay and ne. Argentina s. to Buenos Aires. Birds breeding along the coasts of Ecuador and n. Peru may be (5), (6) or an undescribed race;


No videos are available for this species


Location unknown - Date unknown Source: Massaciuccolis Oasis
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics


Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.


Please email with errors/comments on this page or to donate photos.

If there is no family list to the left, you may have arrived at this page from a direct link.
Please select "Mangoverde World Bird Guide" to view the entire bird site.